Native vegetation

Native vegetation resources

Native Grasses in the Hunter Region

Estimating the value of native grasses to the Hunter economy is a difficult process with a number of assumptions needing to be made.

The figures below are taken from the Hunter Valley Research Foundation. The total value of the equestrian industry is difficult to assess however taking the expenditure of the industry of $134 million dollars per year as a minimum  should help in getting a “ballpark” estimate.

 Type  Total value
 Est. % native pastures Total value native pasture
 Beef & Lamb  136  70  95.2
 Wool  13  25  9.1
 Dairy  134  50  67
 Equestrian  355  189.3


From the table above we get a ballpark estimate of $189.3 million dollars per year mostly in the beef and lamb industries, the 50% estimate for use of native grass in the equestrian industry may be high but the industry is likely to be worth much more than $134 million.

So an estimate of $150-200 million dollars per year as a baseline figure would be a reasonable assumption. This doesn’t take into account the benefits of reducing erosion and salinity.

View, print and download Hunter Region Grasses

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Spotted Gum-Ironbark Forest

These guidelines provide background information to assist landholders to identify remnants of Lower Hunter Spotted Gum-Ironbark Forest.

Download (PDF, 406KB)

Planting Native Trees

The following information comes from the Hunter Farm Forestry Network and provides  guidelines for the planting of native trees. The presenters were Matt Kilby (Global Land Repair) and Noel Jupp (Riverdene Nursery), and is included with permission from the organisation. You can visit their website at

“Some key points were: 6 months is required to prepare the land for planting by loosening the soil and removing weeds, preferably without herbicide; the need to introduce fungi in the hole and not to fill the hole with water before planting; plants should be in a concave ditch that drains water to the root ball; a mat or compost/ wood chip is used to prevent the growth of weeds; the plants should be soaked in water for a week before planting and 20 litres poured on the plant when finished.  If the weather is fine, it may not need further watering.  Use a tree guard for the first 2 years.

The role of the mycorrhiza fungi and their interaction with plants can be read at

Noel said to improve soil he recommends that mulched and worm digested Melaleuca styphelioides (prickly-leafed paper bark) is the very best but there is also a lack of these plants. Lantana, cabbages, ebony PR cow peas which can be planted and ploughed in in March before planting in April. Also, field lupins and he suggested planting pills which contain fertiliser and an insecticide and the use of blood and bone (the more odorous the better), to deter hares and wallabies.”